Flooring Fundamentals: Carpet 101

Let’s face it—investing in new flooring is a stressful process. From agonizing over which type of flooring is the best fit for your home, to finding a flooring company and finally having it installed—the flooring purchase cycle can be overwhelming and confusing. But why should it be?

Here at Flooring Professionals, we get it, and we’re here to help! We have created a website to help you find a flooring professional near you, along with a blog full of flooring tips and resources. One of these resources is our Flooring Fundamentals series, where we dive into the world of flooring and help you learn the basics about each of the major flooring categories before you even set foot in a flooring store!

Get ready for a crash course in flooring—from price, construction and maintenance to color, style and key terms. Flooring Professionals is here to put your mind at ease and help you find the perfect flooring to fit your needs!

Types of Carpet

Let’s start with the basics. Carpet comes in a variety of colors and styles, however there are three basic types of carpet: cut pile, loop pile and the cut and loop pile.

Cut Pile: very versatile, commonly used in bedrooms, living rooms and dens.

Loop Pile: made up of loops of yarn that creates more of a texture or pattern than cut pile carpets. Loop pile carpets are generally more durable than cut pile, as each loop of yarn is attached to the backing on both ends, whereas cut pile is only attached at one end.

Cut and Loop Pile: features a combination of loop and cut pile yarn, used to create a variety of patterns. As one would expect, cut and pile carpet is the best of both worlds—it is both versatile and durable, plus its pattern can help hide wear and tear from high traffic spots. 

Choosing the best color

A carpet’s color can have a big impact on any room, so it is important to take the selection process very seriously. Carpet comes in virtually every color of the rainbow, so there are many great choices. Here are a few tips to keep in mind when choosing your carpet color:

  1. When in Doubt, Go a Shade Darker: Carpet always looks lighter once it is installed, so if you’re stuck between two shades try to go with the darker one!
  2. Color Affects the Perceived Size of a Room: Lighter carpet makes a room look larger, and darker carpet makes a room look smaller and more intimate.
  3. If You Redecorate Often, Go Neutral: Consider a neutral-toned carpet if you redecorate a lot. That way you have more flexibility with the space’s color palette.

Best Use for Carpet

Though it is not suitable for high moisture areas, carpet can warm any room in style, making it the perfect flooring option for spaces like living rooms and bedrooms.

Quality and price

Like most flooring options, you get what you pay for with carpet. New, high quality carpet adds value to any home it is absolutely an investment worth making. The following are a few factors that determine carpet quality:

  1. The type of fiber used to make the carpet’s yarn.
  2. How tightly the yarn is wound: the tighter the yarn fibers are wound, the more resilient the carpet will be to wear and tear like matting and discoloration.
  3. Tufts Per Inch (the carpet’s density and weight): the more yarn or “tufts” a carpet has per inch, the denser the carpet, and therefore the more resilient the carpet will be to crushing and matting.
  4. Carpet Nap-Height: the height of a carpet’s nap is important to take into consideration as well; the higher the carpet’s yarn or nap, the higher the likeliness of crushing and matting.


Carpet is generally installed with a foam pad underneath to make the carpet more comfortable, handle wear better and last longer overall. It is best to leave carpet installation to the professionals – check out our website to find your local flooring professional!

Carpet Maintenance & Care

Looking for carpet maintenance tips and tricks? Find that and more on our blog with articles like Maintaining Your New Carpet, How to Remove Stains from Carpet and 4 Carpet Care Mistakes You Didn’t Know You Were Making.

SOURCES: wfca.org, jhbuilders.com, classiccarpet.com

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